Jadoon or Gadoon

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Jadoon or Gadoon,
Published in Khyber.ORG on Thursday, April 9 2015 (http://www.khyber.org)


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Jadoon or Gadoon

Publishing Date: Thursday, April 9 2015

"The descent of Jadoon Afghans, called Gadoons by the tribes about Peshawer, who change the original letter 'jz' into 'g', is well known to those well acquainted with the genealogy of Pushtannah or Afghan nation, and who do not seek to produce them out of Hindus.[1]They are descended from Jzadun, son of parnaey, and brother of Kakar, the two latter being sons of Danaey, son of Ghurghast, son of Qais Abdul Rashid [2]. Jadoon was one of the 18 sons of Pannaey.

Jadoons accompanied the Khashi  in the struggle against Dilazaks in expelling the latter from their lands north of river kabul; from the newly conquered country, the Jadoons were assigned the territory after battle of Katlang in the eastern part of the Yousafzai 'Samma' near the Indus, presently occupied by them.

When Bhaku Khan Yousafzai, in 1668 AD, attacked Hazarah , the Jadoons accompanied him and occupied the plains along-side Dor stream. This tribe from the very beginning had been with Yousafzai and the latter, for their services , gave Gandab area to them and the Utmanzai."

"In Hazara also, their present holdings were given to them by the Yousafzai; the Rajoia tract to the Salars, the Dhamtaur and Nawanshahr to the Mansur Khels , and the Mangal, Jhangi and Bang to the Salars and Mansur Khels jointly. [3]

The tribe is made up of three major divisions, the Salar, Mansur and Hasanzai, have multiplied into many sub-clans. The whole territory of the Salar, Hasanzai and much of that of the Mansur is in the Hazar mountains, being situated on both banks of the dor stream as far as the Urash valley. A portion of the tribe is settled in trans-indus territory on the southern and and western slopes of the Mahaban mountains.

Malik Khaju or Gaju Khan Mandanr succeeded Malik Ahmad  Khan as the chieftain of the Khashi tribes. After a fall from horse Ashraf Khan Jadoon rescued him and treated him.  The pleased Malik gave him his daughter Bakhtu Bibi in marriage and ,it is said,  the Amazai tract in dowry to her. Asharf Khan Jadun had a son named Saidu Khan by Bibi Bakhtu and another son named Mansur Khan from his first wife, Zeba. He died at the age of 95 in 1557 A.D. He was succeeded by his eldest son , Said Khan alias Salar Khan. In 1562 A.D Saida Khan alias Salar Khan was replaced with Mansur khan by the Jadoon jirga. He died in 1575 AD at the age of 83 years. He was succeeded by his grandson Khizr Khan. The Jadoons of Hazara and Gadoon of the Amazai are the descendents of Ashraf Khan Jadoon. From Saida Khan alias Salar Khan descended the Salar clan; from the two sons of Mansur Khan descended the Mansur Khels and Khizr Khan and Hasan Khan (younger brother of khizr Khan) gave birth to the Khizrzai and Hasanzai clans respectively.



                                                   Notes and References 


1- Doctor Bellow on page 171 in "A report on Yousafzai" makes these Jadoons to be 'a foreign tribe' and assures us that they are "a branch of the Kakar or Ghakkar tribe" (as if Kakar Pashtuns and Punjab's ghakkars are one and same tribe).Captain Wace in his settlement report  tell us that the Jadoons belong to "a splendid Hindu line" (again confounding Ghakkars with Khokhars and Khokhars with Kakars, apparently know not the differences amongst them)

1-Raverty, "Notes on Afghanistan and balochistan, p-217-8

3-Tarikh-i-Hazarah, p-332


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Jadoon or Gadoon,
Published in Khyber.ORG on Thursday, April 9 2015 (http://www.khyber.org)