Kaniguram

پښتو :: پښتانه :: پښتونخواه :: پښتونوالی

Kaniguram, Javed Noor
Published in Khyber.ORG on Thursday, June 7 2007 (http://www.khyber.org)


Latest Updates

Frequent Keywords

history pashto afghanistan peshawar islam poetry culture marwat music khudai khidmatgar british raj british kabul medicine mardan


Kaniguram

Javed Noor

Publishing Date: Thursday, June 7 2007

Located in South Waziristan Agency of the North West Frontier Province, Kaniguram is the most scenic & remote valley of the agency. It is populated by roughly forty thousand people, most of whom are Burki's. It is widely believed that the native tongue of its inhabitants, named after the tribe itself, can only be spoken or understood by a native of the tribe itself. The tribes are Syed by descent (progeny of the Prophet PBUH) as proclaimed in Roza-tul Shuhada and other historic books. Their surnames occasionally end with Syed, though most prefer Burki. In some texts, they are also referred to as Urmar (Urmarh) which was entitled to them by Mahmood Ghaznavi (alias the idol breaker) of Afghanistan. He is said to have gifted the lands of Kaniguram that they occupy presently in return for their services in his seventeenth (and final) assault on India.

Small pockets of Urmar are also found in Urmarhiana, Urmar Payan, and Urmar Bala, located roughly 10km south-east of Peshawar. Exodus of some Burki tribes to these villages and other areas is attributed to a six year consequent draught over Kaniguram in the 14th century (1310). Currently, the population of these villages has exceeded 5 lacs. Some migrated as far as Jallandhar in India, while those who could not go far headed towards Banda Daud Shah in Karak, Kurram agency, Orakzai agency, and Swat.

Famous cricketer-turned-politician of Pakistan, Imran Khan's mother Shaukat Khanum's ancestors were amongst those who migrated to Jallandhar. At the twilight of his career, and before meddling into politics, Imran Khan got fascinated into his ancestral roots. He authored a book "Warrior Race: Journey through the Land of the Tribal Pathans" which sheds some light on the Jirga system of justice practiced throughout the tribal belt and beyond. Former Governor General of the frontier, the late K.M.Azhar also hailed from Kaniguram. They also hold key ranks in both civilian and military setup of Pakistan. Notable of which are General Wahid Ali Burki who succeeded General Yahya Khan, Multan's core commander Sikandar Afzal Khan, chief organizer of the All Burki Qaumi Movement (ABQM) Brigadier (r) Abdur Rauf Burki, the present chief of Burki's living in Kaniguram, the 80 year old Malak Muhammad Qarib Khan Burki and Federal Relief Commissioner overseeing the relief activities for earthquake effectees in Kashmir and NWFP, Major General Faruq Ahmad Khan.

Comments

Comments powered by Disqus

Kaniguram, Javed Noor
Published in Khyber.ORG on Thursday, June 7 2007 (http://www.khyber.org)