The Lodhi Dynasty

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The Lodhi Dynasty,
Published in Khyber.ORG on Monday, March 3 2003 (http://www.khyber.org)


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The Lodhi Dynasty

Publishing Date: Monday, March 3 2003

Bahlol Khan Lodhi (1451-1489 AD)

He was the first king and the founder of the Lodhi dynasty, with a view to restoring the Delhi Sultanate its past glory, he conquered many territories including the powerful kingdom of Jaunpur. Buhlul Khan extended his territories over Gwalior, Jaunpur and upper Uttar Pradesh. He appointed his eldest son Barbak Shah as viceroy of Jaunpur in 1486. Buhlul Khan was confused as to who should succeed him among his sons Barbak Shah and Nizam Shah and grandson Azam-i-Humayun.

Sikander Khan Lodhi (1489-1517 AD)

After Buhlul Khan's death, his second son Nizam Shah was proclaimed the king,under the title of Sultan Sikandar Shah, on July 17, 1489. He made all effortsto strengthen his kingdom. He extended his kingdom from Punjab to Bihar, andalso made a treaty with Alauddin Husain Shah of Bengal. He founded a newtown in 1504 (where now the modern city of Agra stands) to control the chiefsof Etawab, Biyana, Koli, Gwalior and Dholapur. He was also a good administrator.He was kind to his subjects. He died on November 21st 1517 AD.

Ibrahim Khan Lodhi (1489-1517 AD)

After the death of Sikandar, his son Ibrahim ascended the throne. A factionof the nobility advocated a partition of the kingdom and set up his youngerbrother Jalal Khan on the throne of Jaunpur. But soon Jalal Khan wasassassinated by his brother's men. Ibrahim Lodhi was not an able ruler. Hebecame more and more strict with the nobles. He used to insult them. Thus,to take revenge of their insults, Daulat Khan Lodi, governor of Lahore andAlam Khan, an uncle of Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi, invited Babur, the ruler of Kabul,to invade India. Ibrahim Lodhi was killed at Panipat in 1526 AD by Babur's army.Thus came the final collapse of Delhi Sultanate and paved the establishment ofnew the Turkish rule in India. First Battle of Panipat The battle was foughtbetween Mongol prince Zahir-ud-Din Muhammad 'BABUR' and the Afghan Sultanof Delhi Ibrahim Lodhi.

It developed over few years as Ibrahim Lodhi lost control over his noblemen andwazirs. Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi of Delhi. The handsome Ibrahim Lodhi multi plied hisrigors at Delhi. Mian Bhua the vazir of his father was first thrown in prison thengiven a cup of poisoned wine. Noblemen like Azam Humanyun (Not Babur's son)and Hussain Khan Farmuli were assassinated. Babur promised to help Daulat Khan to fight sultan of Delhi Ibrahim Lodhi in 1523 andmade many raids into Punjab.In November 1525 he set out to meet the Sultan of Delhi.Passage ofIndus took place on 15th December.Babur crossed Satluj at Roper and reached Amballa withoutmeeting any resistance.Prudently Babur took up a defensive position.He based his right flankupon city walls, a ditch protected his left flank and front lay behind a line of 700 carts tiedtogether with rawhide ropes to break cavalry charges.Every 100 yards passages were provided forhis horsemen to ride through for attack.Those passages were heavily defended by his archers andmatchlock men. For 8 days he waited for Sultan's attack.Ibrahim marched slowly and without planas his officers had never seen such defences before.Mongols have created a fort in middle of aplain his spys informed him.Babur sent out his horsemen to raid Sultan's army on 9th April.After a light engagement Mongol broke and ran back,it was a fient and it worked.Ibrahim waselated at the ease with which his troops had repulsed best horsemen Babur had sent.Overconfident and full of high hope he decided to attack. Next morning Sultan Ibrahim Lodhiadvanced rapidly. At about 400 yards Babur's Cannons opened fire noise and smoke terrifiedAfghans and the attack lost momentum.Seizing the movement Babur sent out his flanking columns to envelop the Sultan's army.Here Afghans met first time the real weapon of Mongols'Turko-Mongol Bow'. Its superiority as an instrument of war lay in the fact that it was the armof the nobles,of the finest warriors.Bow in hand of a Turko-Mongol would shoot three times asrapidly as musket and could kill at 200 yards.Attacked from 3 sides Afghans jammed into eachother.Elephants hearing noise of cannon at close range ran wildlyout of control. Ibrahim Lodhi and about 6000 of his troops wereinvolved in actual fighting.Most of his army streaching behindupto a mile never saw action.Battle ended in about 3 hours withdeath of Ibrahim Lodhi who was at forefront. And in place wherefighting had been the fiercest dead amid the heap of Mongolsslain of his sword,lay the vain but courageous Sultan Ibrahim,hishead was cut off and taken to Babur wrote a Mongol historian.When Afghans fled they left 20,000 dead and wounded.

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The Lodhi Dynasty,
Published in Khyber.ORG on Monday, March 3 2003 (http://www.khyber.org)