Syed Muhammad Hubaan

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Syed Muhammad Hubaan, Muhammad Shafi Sabir
Published in Khyber.ORG on Friday, September 16 2005 (http://www.khyber.org)


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Syed Muhammad Hubaan

Muhammad Shafi Sabir

Tazkara Sarfaroshan e Sarhad

Publishing Date: Friday, September 16 2005

The Tehreek e Mujahideen is rightly considered a very important, popular, and successful movement. A well renowned historian of modern times, Toin B. states that the Tehreek e Mujahideen was the first such movement meant for freeing the Muslims of the sub continent from the hands of the British and their cronies; the Sikhs and Hindus. He considers this movement as one of the founding efforts by Muslims of the subcontinent which would eventually lead to the creation of Pakistan.

Centuries have passed but still the muslims of the sub continent willingly contribute their lives and wealth to the cause of Jehad and Islam; all because of the influence of the Tehreek e Mujahideen. Most of these people even now associate themselves with this movement and consider it a glorious era of the Muslims.

Most of the people associated with this movement were Pashtoons from the Frontier. Some of the prominent personalities that come to mind at mention of the Tehreek e Mujahideen are Syed Akbar Shah of Sathana and Arbab Bahram Khan of Tehkal Bala. These were the people who devoted their whole lives for this movement. Apart from them, another prominent figure was Jan Nisar Syed Muhammad Hubaan. It is narrated in 'Manzoora' that Muhammad Hubaan was a very pious, brave, straight-forward and knowledgeable Alim of Islam. He always stood out for truth and principles but he used to get Angry very quickly.

Syed Muhammad Hubaan was a resident of Kan'rha (Ghorband). He was renowned for his speaking power and this ability combined with his knowledge of Islam would always mesmerize the audience. His words would knock at the deepest and most inaccessible portions of his listeners' hearts and minds. Muhammad Hubaan obtained his religious education from various Institutions in India and also served as Pesh Imam in a mosque-cum-madrassa. It was Syed Ahmad Shaheed's visit to Bajaur where Syed Muhammad Hubaan had had the privilege of meeting him. On this occasion, Muhammad Hubaan asked permission for Baiyah from Syed Ahmad Shaheed in order to devote his life to the Tehreek e Mujahideen. Syed Ahmad Shaheed was impressed with the Piety and Simplicity of Syed Hubaan and replied, "Take Baiyah! Inshallah Allah will bring Barkat (blessings) in it". So Muhammad Hubaan proceeded with Baiyah. After some time, in another meeting with Syed Ahmad Shaheed, Muhammad Hubaan mentioned in context of his Baiyah, "I was blind before, then Allah gave me Eyes, I was a Kafir before, then I became a Muslim". Syed Ahmad Shaheed broke his words here and advised him, "Don't say like that; Say that I was a Muslim before, but now my level of Iman has increased."

"I was blind before, then Allah gave me Eyes, I was a Kafir before, then I became a Muslim". Syed Ahmad Shaheed broke his words here and advised him, "Don't say like that; Say that I was a Muslim before, but now my level of Iman has increased."

When Syed Ahmad Shaheed had completed his campaign of obtaining Baiyahs from local elders and religious figures, the process of Islamization was started. This included the establishment of Ushr and Zakah ministries and proper distribution of Zakah to the poor people, as well as establishment of Qazi courts. Syed Muhammad Hubaan was appointed a Qazi because of his religious and family background. In one of his journals, Syed Ahmad Shaheed narrates regarding this apppointment, "I have handed over authority to a person whose status is amongst the most knowledgeable Ulema; and of his love for Islam, there is doubt about it. His dastarbandi of appointment as Qazi was done and all formalities were done." Dastarbandi is a ritual that is done amongst the Religious circles. It involves the trying of a turban on the head of a person by a well known elder or Alim. This signifies that that person has reached a status of higher position. For example, students graduating from Madrassas are declared as Ulema, Maulvis, or Muftis in a Dastarbandi session.

After being appointed as a Qazi, Muhammad Hubaan was then known by the people as Qazi Muhammada Hubaan. In his initial days, he was very flexible regarding obtaining of Zakah and Ushr from the people and encouraged people to do so. But the common people did not show that much interest. For this purpose, Muhammad Hubaan held consultations with Syed Ahmad Shaheed. Syed Sahib was told, "The people of the plains of Peshawar had made a lot of promises regarding prompt payment of Zakat and Ushr but now they are not giving importance to it. It would be better that control of a lashkar be handed over to me. With that, I would first try to advise the people in a soft manner. If the people listen and agree then it is good for them. And those who will still create hurdles and would not agree would be made to do it by force. Since I am a local person of the area, I am very well aware with the nature of my people and therefore also ask for full autonomy in using that Lashkar in a matter I deem suitable." At that time, Mardan was also part of the Peshawar administration.

In the consultations, he also requested the company of Shah Ismail Shaheed so that he could benefit from his supervision and as such be restrained from committing an act which is against the principles of Islam. Syed Ahmad Shaheed agreed to the proposal and control of six hundred soldiers was handed over to Muhammad Hubaan. The small battalion was also armed with canonry. When Qazi Muhammad Hubaan was to leave, Syed Ahmad Shaheed told him, "This is for the work of Allah and his Prophet PBUH alone; may it not be that the wishes of Nafs becomes part of it." Nafs is defined as desires of a person.

Qazi Muhammad Hubaan then started a tour of the entire country. He was successful in convincing the people regarding prompt payment of Zakah and Ushr and a proper system was set in place. There were however a few areas who showed confrontation. The people of Kalabatt were amongst those who showed resistance. Muhammad Hubaan was able to convince them using Islamic teachings regarding importance of Zakah. Gradually, they also agreed to payment of Zakah. Some of the important places that were visited during this tour were Topi, Sheikh Jana, Nawa Killi, Kalabatt, Marghaz, Tand Kuwi, Panj Pir, Hund, Zaida, Shewa, Char Gulai, Saddam, Gharh Yalai, Ismaila, and Aman Zai.

The nawab of Umb, Nawab Payinda Khan Tanoli did not agree to payment of Zakah and Ushr under any circumstances. After negotiations had failed, Muhammad Hubaan was left with no choice but to use force. A small battle followed which resulted in the humiliating defeat of the Umb Nawab. Seing defeat, the Nawab fled across the Indus river. Later on, Syed Ahmad Shaheed sent Muhammad Hubaan to meet the Nawab of Umb in order to convince him to a peace treaty. This personal visit by Muhammad Hubaan changed the views of Nawab Payinda Khan and thus the two parties reconciled.

It was always one of the priorities of Qazi Muhammad Hubaan to remove bad elements from the Pashtoon society. There were some weird aspects of Pashtoon society which could be linked to imitation of other cultures, especially Hinduism. One such example was that common villagers would bath naked in rivers. Muhammad Hubaan stopped them from doing so by imposing a fine on whoever baths naked in the public in the future.

The Nawab of Hoti tribe was a very influential and powerful person of his area. He was also given a lot of respect by the Durrani emperors and Sardars of Peshawar. When the Mujahideen accompanying Qazi Hubaan headed towards Hoti as part of their tours of the localities, the Khan of Hoti went to Peshawar to meet the Durrani emperors and ask for help. He appointed his younger brother as incharge while he was away. When Muhammad Hubaan came to know that the Khan of Hoti had something up his sleeves for them, he immediately called for a meeting to consult with his close confidants what to do. Those that were part of this meeting were Shah Ismail Shaheed and Risaldar Abdul Hamid Khan. Everybody suggested that they should proceed to Hoti, Mardan and not pull back. What happens in Mardan will be in the hands of Allah. So the Mujahideen proceeded to Mardan. Due to detailed Planning, they were successful in taking over control of Mardan and its localities. It was in Garhi that there was resistance from Khan of Hoti's men.

Muhammad Hubaan and his Mujahideen proceeded carefully through the streets of Garhi village while bullets were being showered overhead by the Hoti Khan's men. As a military strategy, the Mujahideen broke into groups of five. Since Qazi Muhammad Hubaan always physically took part in his campaigns, he was not to stay behind his Mujahideen in this battle as well. In their advance, his column had to pass through an open street. All of his group members managed to pass safely but Qazi Hubaan was hit in the head by one bullet. He was martyred.

The martyrdom of Qazi Hubaan was kept secret till the occupation of Garhi. Once the Khan's men had been subdued, the news was broken to the Mujahideen which came as a deep shock to them. Even Syed Ahmad Shaheed was deeply disturbed about his death for a number of days. Qazi Hubaan was one of his trusted men. Shah Ismail Shahid wanted the burial to take place in Mardan where he was martyred but Qazi's brothers did not agree and according to tradition, his body was taken to Kanrha (Ghorband) for burial. Qazi Muhammad Hubaan's promise to Syed Ahmad Shaheed had been fulfilled.

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Syed Muhammad Hubaan, Muhammad Shafi Sabir
Published in Khyber.ORG on Friday, September 16 2005 (http://www.khyber.org)