Syed Ameer Jan (Babrhay Mullah)

پښتو :: پښتانه :: پښتونخواه :: پښتونوالی

Syed Ameer Jan (Babrhay Mullah), Muhammad Shafi Sabir
Published in Khyber.ORG on Friday, September 16 2005 (http://www.khyber.org)


Latest Updates

Frequent Keywords

history marwat afghanistan pashto india peshawar geneology afghan culture british afghans khyber kabul folklore baloch


Syed Ameer Jan (Babrhay Mullah)

Muhammad Shafi Sabir

Tazkara Sarfaroshan e Sarhad

Publishing Date: Friday, September 16 2005

Babrhai Mullah Sahib was one of those eminent scholars from amongst the Qadriyah Tariqat who participated in the Jehad against the British. His real name was Syed Ameer Jan. He was from the Salaar Zai tribe and was born in 1855 in a village called Labnayi in the Char Mang Valley. He was the Khalifa of Hazrat Najm ud Din Hadda Mullah Sahib.

Babrhai Mullah Sahib was renowned for his piety and calm nature and he was revered for this reason as well. He followed on the guide lines of his Pir Hadda Mullah Sahib and waged Jehad against the British.

He became famous for his bravery and after his participation in the Jehad of Malakand and the Jehad of Bajaur. Since his very childhood, he showed great respect and love for Islam. Close to his village was another village where a very scholar known as Mama Sahib used to give religious teachings to the youth of the area.

Babrhai Mullah received his initial education from him as well. Later on, hew as thought by Islamic Scholars from Asmaar and other areas. After completing his religious education, he settled in a town called Babrha and hence was known as Babrhai Mullah.

In those days, the spiritual Tariqat of Hazrat Najm ud Din Hadda Mullah Sahib was very popular amongst the people of the Frontier and the Tribal Areas. When Haddai Sahib was staying at Chamar Kand, Babrhai Mullah also came to him and took Baiyah from him.

Hadda Mullah Sahib also belonged to the Qadriyah Tariqat. His langar used to be famous throughout the area. Hadai Sahib was a very generous and open hearted person.

After the death of Hadda Sahib, Babrhai Mullah sahib constructed a grand mosque and religious center in Babrhai. A Langar was also part of this center where the poor of the area used to be feeded. The orphans were provided a roof and like this Mullah Sahib also used to carry out his duties of Amar Bil Maroof wa Nahi Anil Mankar (prevention of vice and promotion of virtue).

Babrhai Sahib's son also used to give a helping hand. His name was Muhammad Yusuf and like his father, he also became a renowned scholar of his time. The people used to call him Gul Sahib out of respect. Muhammad Yusuf helped laid the foundation of a new town called Gul Abad which gradually became a spiritual center in the whole area.

Babrhai Mullah sahib devoted his entire life for the service of Islam and Muslims. Not only would he call others for waging Jehad but he himself used to lead Lashkars in the heat of battles. He always used to voluntarily take up positions on the frontline or in t dangerous bunkers.

When the British Indian army entered Bajaur through Malakand, the Mujahideem, led by Babrhai Mullah attacked them in an area between Ghar and Nawagai. In this particular battle, Babrhai Mullan along with some of his followers entered an enemy picket and killed an English commander. All of them came back alive and well.

Of his battles, the Jehad of Lakhrhawo, Al Qundi and that of Aqrab Dag are the most famous. It is said that Babrhai Mullah himself convinced his peer brother Haji Sahib of Turangzai to take over Hadda Mullah Sahib's mission after his death.

But Haji Sahib said that he had in his possession only 50 rifles and as soon as his preparations are complete, he will start the Jehad. At this Babrhai Mullah sahib lent his full support to Haji Sahib.

Soon after, in 1915AD, Babrhai Mullah sahib started attacking British positions. When his friend, Bajaur Mullah gained martyrdom, he went to each and every village in his locality to incite the people to wage Jehad. He was helped in this mission by another Scholar, Chaknowr Mullah Sahib.

Like this, around a thousand Mujahideen volunteered to fight from only Hazar e Nau, Lalpoora, and surrounding areas. With these men, he attacked the English fort at Shabqadar where the enemy was holed up.

By the 13th of October, the Mujahideen Numbers swelled to 4000. After the conquest of Shabqadar fort they attacked another British manned fort at Pindialai. Within 3 days, due to the immense success of the Mujahideen, the numbers increased to 6000 heavily armed forces. Babrhai Mullah took 3000 of his best men and proceeded to Ali Kundi mountains for another confrontation with the British.

On the 18th, the battle started .According to official records, 13 English, and dozens of Indian soldiers died. It was in those days that one member of the Dir Levies attacked on of the leaders of the Mujahideen, Gojar Mullah and he attained martyrdom. To avenge his death, the Mujahideen carried out a series of attacks on the enemy.

A Famous national figure, Maulvi Muhammad Ali Kasoori also participated in the Jehad under the leadership of Haji Sahib Turangzai. According to him, Haji Sahib Turangzai, Babrhai Mullah and other leaders attacked the British frontline positions of Gandhaab, Michni, and Shabqadar simultaneously. He mentions that 30,000 Mujahideen were taking part in those attacks and to stamp them out, the British made use of combat planes.

He narrates that when fighters would start their attack, the Mujahideen would take the cover of mountains, caves and large rocks and as soon as they would pass by, they would immediately proceed further and attack the ground troops.

At Shabqadar fort, the English had installed better canyons that would fire simultaneously. The Barrack in which Haji Sahib Turangzai had taken refuge was struck by cannon fire at least 72 times and the blast would shake the whole ground and walls on each impact. But thanks to the Blessings of Allah, no one suffered major injuries.

Qasoori Sahib narrates in his own words:

"We couldn't find anything to eat in those 72 hours apart from drinking water. Neither would anything go down our throats due to intensity of battle. Despite this, such was the valor of Jehad that neither of us felt sleep taking over us nor tiredness. After 3 days and 3 nights of continuous assaults, we succeeded in evicting the British out of the fort. As soon as they backed out, our Mujahideen scaled the walls of the fort to lay their hands on the war booty. Like this, hundreds of rifles and thousands of ammunition and t heir sophisticated cannons came into our possession.

As soon as the fighting was over, local women came out singing pashto battle songs with their daf and dhols. I still can't forget that sight and the sight of such brave women kept me thinking that no matter how much this nation prides itself in its bright future, it will not be enough. They deserve a lot more than just pride.

The women came into the battlefield and turned over the bodies of their martyred sons of Islam and started to inspect their bodies. Al Hamdolillah there were only eleven such bodies. The reason why they inspected the bodies was to make sure that none of the fighters caught a bullet in his back. As this would mean that they were shot while running away. The women then praised Allah that all of them caught their martyrdom from Bullets that struck them on their chests.

A mother would kiss the forehead of her shaheed son, A sister would cry out of happiness over her Shaheed brother and the wives would hug their Shaheed husbands.

They would sing in pashto to their beloved that go, we have handed you over to Allah. Because you are a Shaheed, go and enjoy Jannah. But do not forget us for Allah's sake. Ask Allah that we are also of help in Allah's cause and also ask Allah that he give the ability to your brothers as well that they follow in your footsteps."

While the Muslim Ummah showered such valour for Jehad, there were also the Muslim rulers who had their hearts of stone. Gone were the days when sword will fight sword or when Mujahideen would fight English with their guns. Due to advancement in science and technology, the English now had missiles, tanks and the combat air planes. That would attack Mujahideen from the air and Mujahideen would be helpless against them. It was now increasingly essential that organized and powerful governments provided the Mujahideen with latest and advanced weaponry. But those governments from which the Mujahideen had expectations, were busy double sided games. They would console the Mujahideen and ensure their full fledged support and they would also console the British and convince them that they would not give any help to the rebellion.

During the Jehad, Haji Sahib of Turangzai, Babrhai Mullah and other leaders hoped against hope that the Amir of Kabul would stick to his word and provide much needed support to the Mujahideen. But this wish never materialized.

Without any choice, Maulvi Abdul Raheem Muhammad Basheer and Maulvi Muhammad Ali Kasoori were sent to Kabul due to t heir close contacts with the regime. But even this entourage came back unsuccessful.

Similarly , a delegation was also sent to the Sultan of Turkey on behalf of the Jamiat Hezbollah. But since Afghanistan was not willing to provide a land route, therefore turkey was also not able to help the Mujahideen.

Forget everybody else, even the Khan of Khar and the Nawab of Dir refused to provide support and instead started creating hurdles in the Mujahideen's paths.

Omrah Khan Jandool's son Abdul Mateen Khan was a well wisher of Haji Sahib Turangzai. The Nawab of Dir arrested him on the behalf of the British and had him imprisoned. Haji Sahib himself went in part of a Jirga and had him released from the Nawab's hands after a lot of difficult negotiations.

After Amir Habibullah's death, the Kabul government went into the hands of Ghazi Amanullah Khan. Unlike his predecessor, he immediately started providing aid and material support to Turangzai Haji Sahib, Babrhai Mullah and other resistance commanders.

In February 1920 AD, when Haji Sahib Turangzai was invited to Jalalabad, he was handed over an aid of 7000 rifles and ammunition for the Mujahideen.

On the other hand, the English viceroy to India toured the preparations of battle on the English side in Shabqadar and Mohmand by visiting the sites himself on the 10th of March 1917.

When Hazrat Najm ud Din Hadda Mulla Sahib died in 1902 AD, the Salarzai, the Mohmands and the Bajaur Tribes had selected Babrhai Mullah Sahib as his successor. Babrhai Mullah Sahib fought against outsiders, fought for Islam, fought for reforming of society, fought for spreading Islam until he breathed his last. Even now, he is considered by many as a Sword of Islam.

Comments

Comments powered by Disqus

Syed Ameer Jan (Babrhay Mullah), Muhammad Shafi Sabir
Published in Khyber.ORG on Friday, September 16 2005 (http://www.khyber.org)