Maulana Abdul Haq

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Maulana Abdul Haq, Quraysh Khattak
Published in Khyber.ORG on Friday, September 16 2005 (

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Maulana Abdul Haq

Quraysh Khattak

Publishing Date: Friday, September 16 2005

Abdul Haq, founder of Darul Uloom Haqania Akora Khattak was born in 1914 in Akora Khattak, Nowshera District. His father Haji Maruf Gul was a well known land lord and businessman of the area.

After completing his early education, Abdul Haq joined Darul Uloom Deoband in India in 1928. About his admission in Deoband he told a writer: "I arrived at Deoband at such a time when the Bengali and Swati students had quarrelled and there was no flexibility in admission policy for Pathan students. I also had to face the problem of admission."

During his stay in Deoband, Abdul Haq did not confine himself to studies only but also participated in extra-curricular activities. He was a brilliant student with leadership qualities and this made him the darling of his teachers.

He completed his studies in 1933 and returned to his native village. His father directed him to start imparting religious education to the people of the area. He started teaching in a mosque near his home.

In 1937, Maulana Abdul Haq laid the foundation of a primary school. Famous religious scholar and his teacher Syed Hussain Ahmad Madni of Deoband inaugurated the school. In a short time the number of students increased and otehr teachers were also appointed.

He was offered a teaching assignment at Deoband, which he accepted after consultation with his father and joined the Darul Uloom in 1943. He remained there for four years and excelled in the art of teaching. In 1947, he came to Akora Khattak during Ramazan vacations and could not return due to the independence of Pakistan.

Consequently, on September 23, 1947 he founded Darul Uloom Haqania. In the beginning the Maulana carried the entire burden of teaching all books of Dars - e - Nizami but with the passage of time the number of students increased and more teachers were assigned teaching jobs. Since 1947 till his death he had been teaching Hadith in his school.

In 1952, he along with other graduates of Deoband formed Jamiatul Ulema Islam and started struggling for implementation of Shariah in the country. In 1970 elections for the constitutional assembly, he defeated Ajmal Khattak of National Awami Party and Nasrullah Khan Khattak of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP). On the assembly floor, he along with his comrade Maulana Mufti Mahmood struggled for islamizing the constitution. In the 1977 general polls, on the ticket of Pakistan National Alliance (PNA), he again humbled Nasrullah Khattak, the then chief minister of the NWFP and provincial President of the PPP.

Maulana Abdul Haq declared the Afghan War a Jehad and an ideological war between Islam and communism when the Soviet troops entered Afghanistan. He always prayed for success of the freedom fightes and made generous monetary contributions to the cause. Graduates of his school were instrumental in liberating the land from the Soviet clutches.

Prominent Afghan Jihadi and Taleban leaders had studied at Darul Uloom Haqannia and held the Maulana in high esteem. Maulana Abdul Haq had on many occasions expressed his desire to personally take part in the Afghan Jehad but old age and falling health did not allow him to do so.

After spending 74 eventfull years of life, Maulana Abdul Haq breathed his last on September 7, 1988 in Khyber Teaching Hospital in Peshawar and was laid to rest in his ancestral graveyard at Akora Khattak. His flag is now carried by his son Maulana Sami Ul Haq.


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Maulana Abdul Haq, Quraysh Khattak
Published in Khyber.ORG on Friday, September 16 2005 (