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| Kheshki |

Anas Parvez Kheshki

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Kheshki is the name of a tribe which has brotherly relations with Muhammad Zee. Like other tribals, this tribe has also migrated from Ghwara Marghai (Afghanistan) and started living in the present locality in 1515. One big portion of this tribe migrated to the north west of Afghanistan and started living in Darrah Ghorband. Its third big portion went to Qasoor(west Punjab) and started living there in 1526.Then from there some of its branches went to Khorjah(India). and lived there. Apart from this, some people of this tribe went to Tanda and Hero Daal and some of them did migrate to Dera Ismail Khan, Bannu, Lakki Marwat, Bahawal Poor, Multan and started living there. Some people of this tribe are also living in Ghinta Ghar (PESHAWAR) which is known by "Mahallah Kheshki". Apart from these areas some families of this tribe live in Charsadda Khas and some families live in Hazarah also. Kheshki Tribe has produced great Generals and Ahle Qalam.Mehmood Khan Kheshki and Shah Nazar Khan Kheshki were the great and popular generals of Mughal army. In Ahle Qalam Arzani Kheshki was the great poet of Pushto history. He is the first ever poet in Pushto history having a Deewan of his own about Pushto poetry. Abdullah Khan Kheshki was also a famous Aalim and Mohaqqiq. This tribe has also produced some famous Awliya-e-Karam who are more than 50 in number. The most famous of them are Haji Gagan Shoryani Kheshki, Sheikh Wato Kheshki, Sheikh Ahmad Atozee Kheshki, Mian Channo Kheshki and Arzani Zerzee Kheshki.

Although most Pukhtoons and their different families are living in some specific and famous places of their own, but they are also living in such places where there is no specific difference regarding their village and family, means that they are living with others without specific difference. Same is the case with Kheshki Pukhtoons, who in addition to their specific cities and villages where they have a specific identity and famous name and majority, are also living in such places where they are living with other nations and families in their cities and villages .
Here we are going to mention those famous places where these people are living at present.

Kheshki's of Ghorband

According to the sayings of some old people Ghorband Kheshkis came here from Hilmand (Afghanistan) and Qandahar (Afghanistan).At that time they were known by these three names;

  1. Aibat(Hebat)
  2. Masaud
  3. Sultan

Aibat was living in Darrah Saidan.Masaud was living in Darrah Fandqistan.And the third one Sultan was living in Yakhdara and Tayaskhan.Even today that place is known by the name of Sultan Khel.

The area of Ghorband has 24 big and many more small darras.And these all has been divided in to the districts of SiahGard,Shenwari, SurkhParsa and Sheikh Ali.Kheshki Pukhtoons are living in the district of SiahGird.Round about ten thousands houses of Kheshkis are there in this district. This area is very green.It has clean and bright water.Its mountains are full of white snow.This area has alot of fruit trees.Even there are trees of fruits in the streets too. In Ghorbandis, Kheshkis are famous for their Ghairat and bravery.And they have always played a positive and important role in this area.Whenever there is any hard time on Ghorbandis,all the Ghorbandis who are Persians look at these Pukhtoons for help.

The present Kheshkis still obey the old traditions.Men always wear white clothes and also wear six meters long head wear.Women also wear long shirts and also wear five meter long black chadars.Women decorate these chadars by their own hands.Kheshki women usually recite the Holy Quran and some of them have also readout pushto books. Kheshki pukhtoons are always against women education but now they are tending towards women education.Now a days most of them are well educated. These women also do work in fields apart from their choras.

Kheshki's of Khorja (India)

In these fights the migration of Ibrahim Zee also comes. Their enmity with Jano Zee was started.They migrated from here and went to Khorjah which is a place near Delhi(India).Here they built two villages on the bank of a river by the name of Kheshgi Bala and Kheshgi Payan.

Kheshki Charsadda

Some Kheshki Pukhtoons are also living in the three families, Mera Khel, Khudai Dad Khel and Painda Khel of Charsadda Khas. Some people of these families especially of Mera Khel are alos living in Sholgarah two three miles to the north west of Charsada Khas.It is that area where there is Kheshki's Derai and this Derai is that area where before 1010 the people of Kheshki(Nowshera) were make lived temporarily

Kheshki Nowshera

After some disputes with Alagh baig in (1490-1485)when Yousuf Zee came down from Khyber,Dallazak gave them, the area of Dowawa due to sympathey with them . At that time Dallazak were living in the areas from Bajwar to Mradan and Sawabi. Also to the south of River Kabul ,this area was in the control of them. But the lands of Ashnaghar were in the ownership of the Jahangiri Kings of swat. The capital of the area was Mangloria. The last King of this family was king Sultan Awais. The lands of Ashnaghar were in the fenancy of same farmers whose owners were there King. When yousuf Zee came to Dowawa,they asked more land from Dallazak.They were given the land up to Bajawar of Danishkol and Auber. Adter some time Yousuf Zee also snatched Ashnaghar from the tenants of the Kings of Swat by force.And thus slouly they took the areas of Mardan, Sawabi, swat and Dir from Dallazaks the last battle between yousuf Zee and Dallazak was faught at Katlang. In this battle Dallazaks were badlt defeated. Those who remaind lined at the other side of Abaseen in Hazara, while some of them remained in Dowawa.The battle of Katlang destroyed Dallazaks as a nation.In this battle of Katlang; Mohammad Zee,Kheshki, Googyani and Utman Khel also faught against Dallazak, in favour of Yousuf Zee

Allah Bakhsh Yousufi writes:

"Acording to some thoughts up to 1010 Yousuf Zee had taken control of district Mardan,Dir and Swat.

Due to their support, Mohammad Zee were make lived in Hashtangar,Googyani and Utman Khel in Doaba and Kheshkis in Nowshera.

When Kheshkis came down with Muhammad Zee and took control of Ashnaghar with yousuf Zee,and tey started their life here.Two three miles to the north-west of Charsadd-e-Khas and built a vilage by the name of Kheshgi Darra.And when they got this present area(village)due to the distribution by Sheikh Malli (1525-30),they came here and stsarted living on the bank of river Kabul in two villages.The present Kheshki is divided in to two parts,Kheshki Bala and Kheshki Payan. According to the distribution and partition of 1877 both the villages are divided in accordance with the lands and Khels in to eight,eight Khels and Tals.

Traceback

As for as Pushto history is concerned, it is thousands years old, but its hereditary history starts from Qais Abdur-Rasheed, who was there in the beginning days of Islam and who had embraced Islam by the hands of Muhammad (P.B.U.H). And his name was replaced from Qais to Abdur-Rasheed by Muhammad(P.B.U.H). The lineage of Kheshki's are shown in the following list. All the brothers of Kheshki (apart from Muhammad Zai) are today classed as Kheshki's.

  1. Qais Abdur Rasheed
    1. Saraban
      1. Sharkhabun (Sharfudin)
        1. Kand
        2. Zamand
          1. Kheshki
          2. Muhammad zai
          3. Katanree
            1. Aziz Zi
            2. Batak Zi
            3. Umar Zi
            4. Ghaibi Zi
          4. Nakbe Zi
            1. Zemal
            2. Abu Bakar
            3. Azar
            4. Musa
          5. Nokhi
            1. Bajo Zi
            2. Jamil Zi
            3. Mansur Zi
            4. Amchi Zi
            5. Bati Zai
          6. Shuryani
            1. Khalaf Zi
            2. Wato Zi
              1. Jalo Zi
              2. Shaban Zi
              3. Arif Zi
              4. Ibrahim Zi
              5. Muhammad
              6. Asho Zi
            3. Hussain Zi
              1. Shamo Zi
              2. Mehdi
              3. Badin Katani
                1. Umar Zi
                  1. Mula Zi
                  2. Ala Zi
                2. Isa Zi
          7. Salamak
          8. Amchozi
          9. Karlani
          10. Zer Zi
          11. Aziz Zi
          12. Umar Zi
          13. Batak Zi
        3. Kasi
      2. Kharshabun (Khairudin)
    2. Bait
    3. Ghorghasht

* Items in Red are a variation and are quoted by Sher Ali Khan in his book.

Migration

Historically Pukhtoon migration starts from The Attacks on Hindustan by Mahmood Ghaznavi (388-421.H).

It continued in the time period of King Ghauri, Lodhi and Soori, including Mughal Kings like Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jehan in the area of Hind and Pukhtoonkhwa .But from Ghwara Marghai to Pukhtoon area, their migration starts from 14th century and continues upto 1519.

As for as Kheshki migration is concerned, according to a history by Khursheed Jehan and Hayat Afghani, Zamand Nation was living in the area of Pasheen which was also called Pashang in the middle of 8th and 9th century. This area is connected with Arghistan.Kheshki Nation which is called by the above two historians as a large tribe of Zamand, in consequences with fighting between them and Tarinaan, wentout from that area. One part of these People went to Multan and started living there,and the other big part went to Ghazni.Some of them went to Ghaurband Dara through Kabul and started living there.Kheshki's large portion including other Zamands went to Qasoor(Punjab) with King Babar and started living there. Here they formed two villages which were called Barkalle and Larkalle. From here one of their big tribe, Ibrahim Zee went to the town of Khorjah near Dilli (India) due to their fights with their brothers, JanoZee and they started living there, and even uptill now they are living there with a separate entity. Kheshki's one other relative, Salamhaak went to Tanda (Punjab) due to harsh conduct by Amcho Zee and Hussain Zee and they started living in Tanda.Some Batak Zee went to Herodaal due to their fights with their own fellowmen and started living in Herodaal.

Kheshki's one big group came to Ashnaghar with Mohammad Zee and started living in the area of present district Nowshera.They built two big villages.One is called Bar Kalle(Kheshki Bala) and the other is called Kooz Kalle (Kheshki Payan).Some of its families remained in Charsadda with Muhammad Zee.In Sholgara(Charsadda) these people have built a bandah which is in the name of Kheshki. In the Nawe Kalle of Sholgara and 2,3 miles to the east of Charsadda in Kala Dher also there is a house of Kheshkis.

A part from it some of its families are also living in Kandahar(Afghanistan),Dera Ismail Khan and Bannu(N.W.F.P).Some of their families are also living in Bahawalpur (Punjab) and Hazara.According to some Historians some of their families are also living in the mountains of Darra Khyber and Mohmand Agency. In Peshawar Gintaghar, there is a mohalla which is known by the name of Kheshki but their descendents are no more here.