Agreement against Persian Aggression between Afghanistan & British India :: Khyber.ORG

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Agreement between Afghanistan & British India against Persian Aggression, 1857

Articles of agreement made at Peshawur on the 26th January 1857 (corresponding with Jumadee-ool-Awul, 29th A. H. 1273), between Ameer Dost Mohummud Khan, Ruler of Cabool and of those countries of Afghanistan now in his possession, on his part, and Sir John Lawrence, K. C. B., Chief Commisioner of the Punjab, and Lieutenant-Colonel H. B. Edwardes, C. B., Commissioner of Peshawur on the part of the Honorable East India Company, under the authority of the Right Honorable Charles John, Viscount Canning, Governor-General of India in the Council.

Whereas the Shah of Persia contrary to his engagement with the British Government, has taken possession of Herat, and has manifested an intention to interfere in the present possessions of Ameer Dost Mohummud Khan, there is now war between the British and Persian Governments therefore the Honorable East India Company, to aid Ameer Dost Mohummud Khan, to defend and maintain his present possessions in Balkh, Cabool, and Candahar against Persia, hereby agrees out of friendship to give the said Ameer one lakh of Company's Rupees monthly during the war with Persia on the following conditions:

  1. The Ameer shall keep his present number of cavalry, and shall maintain not less than 18,000 Infantry, of which 13,000 shall be Regulars divided into 13 Regiments.
  2. The Ameer is to make his own arrangements for receiving the money at the British treasuries and conveying it through his own country.
  3. British Officers, with suitable native establishments and orderlies, shall be deputed, at the pleasure of the British Government to Cabool or Candahar, or Balkh or all three Places, or wherever an Afghan army be assembled to act against the Persians. It will be their duty to see generally that the subsidy granted to the Ameer be devoted to military purposes for which it is given, and to keep their own Government informed of all affairs. They will have nothing to do with the payment of the troops, or advising the Cabool Government ; and they will not interfere in any way in the internal administration of the country. The Ameer will be responsible for their safety and honorable treatment, while in his country, and for keeping them acquainted with all military and political matters connected with the war.
  4. The Ameer of Cabool shall appoint and maintain a Vakeel at Peshawur.
  5. The subsidy of one lakh per mensem shall cease from the date on which peace is made between the British and Persian Governments, or at any previous time at the will and pleasure of the Governor-General of India.
  6. Whenever the subsidy shall cease the British officers shall be withdrawn from the Ameer's country ; but at the pleasure of the British Government, a Vakeel, not a European Officer shall remain at Kabul on the part of the British Government, and one at Peshawur on the part of the Government of Cabool.
  7. The Ameer shall furnish a sufficient escourt for the British officers from the British border when going to the Ameer's country, and to the British border when returning.
  8. The subsidy shall commence from 1st January 1857 and be payable at the British treasury one month in arrears.
  9. The five lakhs of Rupees which have been already sent to the Ameer (three to Candahar and two to Kabul), will not be counted in this Agreement. They are free and separate gift from the Honorable East India Company. But the sixth lakh now in the hands of the mahajuns of Cabool, which was sent for another purpose, will be one of the instalments under this Agreement.
  10. This Agreement in no way supersedes the Treaty made at Peshawur on 30th March 1855 (corresponding with the 11th of Rujub 1271), by which the Ameer of Cabool engaged to be the friend of the friends and the enemy of the enemies of the Honorable East India Company ; and the Ameer of Cabool, in the spirit of that Treaty, agrees to communicate to the British Government any overtures he may receive from Persia, or from the allies of Persia during the war, or while there is friendship between the Cabool and the British Governments.
  11. In consideration of the friendship existing between the British Government and Ameer Dost Mohummud Khan, the British Government engages to overlook the past hostilities of all the tribes of Afghanistan, and on no account to visit them with punishment.
  12. Whereas the Ameer has expressed a wish to have 4,000 muskets given him in addition to the 4,000 already given, it is agreed that 4,000 muskets shall be sent by the British Government to Tall, whence the Ameer's people will convey them with their own carriage.

Chief Commissioner

Commissioner of the Peshawar Division.