پښتو :: پښتانه :: پښتونخواه :: پښتونوالی
Durand Line Agreement
(November 12, 1893)
Agreement between Amir Abdur Rahman Khan, G. C. S. I., and Sir Henry Mortimer Durand, K. C. I. E., C. S. I.
Whereas certain questions have arisen regarding the
frontier of Afghanistan on the side of India, and whereas both His Highness the
Amir and the Government of India are desirous of settling these questions by
friendly understanding, and of fixing the limit of their respective spheres of
influence, so that for the future there may be no difference of opinion on the
subject between the allied Governments, it is hereby agreed as follows:
- The eastern and southern frontier of his Highness's
dominions, from Wakhan to the Persian border, shall follow the line shown in
the map attached to this agreement.
- The Government of India will at no time exercise
interference in the territories lying beyond this line on the side of
Afghanistan, and His Highness the Amir will at no time exercise interference
in the territories lying beyond this line on the side of India.
- The British Government thus agrees to His Highness
the Amir retaining Asmar and the valley above it, as far as Chanak. His
Highness agrees, on the other hand, that he will at no time exercise
interference in Swat, Bajaur, or Chitral, including the Arnawai or Bashgal
valley. The British Government also agrees to leave to His Highness the Birmal
tract as shown in the detailed map already given to his Highness, who
relinquishes his claim to the rest of the Waziri country and Dawar. His
Highness also relinquishes his claim to Chageh.
- The frontier line will hereafter be laid down in
detail and demarcated, wherever this may be practicable and desirable, by
joint British and Afghan commissioners, whose object will be to arrive by
mutual understanding at a boundary which shall adhere with the greatest
possible exactness to the line shown in the map attached to this agreement,
having due regard to the existing local rights of villages adjoining the
- With reference to the question of Chaman, the Amir
withdraws his objection to the new British cantonment and concedes to the
British Governmeni the rights purchased by him in the Sirkai Tilerai water. At
this part of the frontier the line will be drawn as follows:
From the crest of the Khwaja Amran range near the Psha Kotal, which remains in
British territory, the line will run in such a direction as to leave Murgha
Chaman and the Sharobo spring to Afghanistan, and to pass half-way between the
New Chaman Fort and the Afghan outpost known locally as Lashkar Dand. The line
will then pass half-way between the railway station and the hill known as the
Mian Baldak, and, turning south-wards, will rejoin the Khwaja Amran range,
leaving the Gwasha Post in British territory, and the road to Shorawak to the
west and south of Gwasha in Afghanistan. The British Government will not
exercise any interference within half a mile of the road.
- The above articles of' agreement are regarded by the
Government of India and His Highness the Amir of Afghanistan as a full and
satisfactory settlement of all the principal differences of opinion which have
arisen between them in regard to the frontier; and both the Government of
India and His Highness the Amir undertake that any differences of detail, such
as those which will have to be considered hereafter by the officers appointed
to demarcate the boundary line, shall be settled in a friendly spirit, so as
to remove for the future as far as possible all causes of doubt and
misunderstanding between the two Governments.
- Being fully satisfied of His Highness's goodwill to
the British Government, and wishing to see Afghanistan independent and strong,
the Government of India will raise no objection to the purchase and import by
His Highness of munitions of war, and they will themselves grant him some help
in this respect. Further, in order to mark their sense of the friendly spirit
in which His Highness the Amir has entered into these negotiations, the
Government of India undertake to increase by the sum of six lakhs of rupees a
year the subsidy of twelve lakhs now granted to His Highness.
H. M. Durand,
Amir Abdur Rahman Khan.
Kabul, November 12, 1893.