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Friday, April 10 2015

In the winter of 1837, Sikhs under their general Hari Singh Nalwa occupied the fortress of Jamrud at the entrance of Khyber. The Amir ordered his son Mohammed Akbar Khan to proceed to Khaibar, and then he reinforced him by means of his eldest son, Mohammed Afzal Khan . . . Read More

Friday, April 10 2015

The earlier history of Bannuchi tribe of Bannu. . . . Read More

Friday, April 10 2015

Dotani are Lodi Afghans, who are one of the Pawandah tribes. . . . Read More

Friday, April 10 2015

Lawrence about Miranshah, "Round us....are low bare porcelain-coloured hills, with....a broken-bottle skyline....the quietness is so intense that i rub my ears, wondering if i am going deaf" . . . Read More

Friday, April 10 2015

Initially Bhittanis were settled on the western side of the Suleiman mountains. During the reign of Sikandar Lodhi the tribe , en-mass, moved through Gomal pass to their present location, east of the Suleiman mountains. Most of the families went over to Hind and joined the Pashtun rulers and 'jagirdars' armies . . . Read More

Friday, April 10 2015

The Dre-Plari 'Khan' sounded a 'nakarah' (battle drum)at mid-night in his village. The well-known signal was taken up and echoed in the town of Lakki and the Sikh fort was besieged. The news of the rising spread like wild-fire in the neighboring Pashtun tribes; the Wazirs and Khattaks rushed to the scene of the expected action and soon the Marwat 'Lashkar' numbered over twelve thousand men . . . Read More

Friday, April 10 2015

The account of the founder of Rohilkhand. . . . Read More

Friday, April 10 2015

In 1463-64 A.D, Ahmad khan Bhatti, who had acquired great power in the country of Sindh, and had 20,000 cavalry under him, revolted against the Governor of Multan .The Langah governor of Multan complained to Bahlul Lodhi against the aggression of Ahmad Khan Bhatti . . . Read More

Friday, April 10 2015

Khan Gaju was Malik Ahmad's successor, he formed a great confederation of Khashi tribes and ruled over large tracts of present day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, tribal areas , Potohar, Kunar and Kafiristan. . . . Read More

Friday, April 10 2015

Even Folklore, traditions and legends are singularly silent about the races who inhabited the Frontier prior to Pashtun invasions. . . . Read More

Friday, April 10 2015

Description of Marwats and their country by Herbert Edwardes during period of second Anglo-Sikh War. . . . Read More

Friday, April 10 2015

In 1824 A.D Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa turned his attention to the Gandgar hills, where Muhammad Khan Tareen and a number of other recalcitrant chiefs had taken refuge. In 1822 the Sikhs, after winning a hard-fought battle at Sari at the base of range, had been defeated in an endeavor to reduce Srikot. They now. in 1824, again made the attempt , and again failed. At Nara which stands at the mouth of a path leading up to Srikot, the Mashwanis and Saidkhani Utmanzais made a gallant stand, repulsed the Sikh force . . . Read More

Friday, April 10 2015

Bengal had been a important stronghold of the Afghans. After the collapse of the Sur dynasty, the Afghans moved to Bengal and resisted the Mughal writ in the region. the leadership shifted from Lodhi or Surs to Lohanis and later to Karranis. Akbar was aware of the Afghans' resilience and the problems they could pose to his rule. He resorted to a stick and carrot policy; he fought fierce battles against them , but, also propitiated and rewarded lavishly , anyone who changed sides . . . Read More

Pindaris, Khan Barmazid
Thursday, April 9 2015

The origin of Pindaris is involved in some obscurity. In the opinion of Bladensburg the Pindaris originally were Hindu outlaws. Jenkins however holds that they were of Rohilla or Pathan extraction. Pindaris also had Marathas, Rajputs and Jats in their ranks beside Afghans. . . . Read More

Wednesday, April 8 2015

History of Shahjahnpur district of Uttar Pradesh, India, under Afghan rulers and chiefs. . . . Read More

Sunday, April 5 2015

In 1665 there was born at Mau-Rashidabad an Afghan named Muhammad Khan Bangash who was destined to play a very important part in the affairs of the Mughal empire and to found what almost became an independent local dynasty. . . . Read More

Afghan-Baloch Wars, Khan Barmazid
Tuesday, March 24 2015

A summery of tribal wars and armed conflicts between Afghans and Balochs from 16th century to the end of 19th century. . . . Read More

Friday, March 20 2015

Ashraf Hotaki having come to power in the aftermath of a coup against his predecessor, Mahmud Hotaki, had achieved great success in the war with the Ottomans where with a much inferior force he overcame a superior Turkish army and agreed to a settlement in which he secured Turkish support and acceptance as the legitimate ruler of Persia. Hardly had he begun to enjoy his good fortune when he received reports of the great successes of Shah Tahmasp in Khorasan. . . . Read More

Tuesday, March 10 2015

With the establishment of Afghan reign in Kashmir valley in 1753, the Shawl industry received an immense boast. Afghan rulers took particular care to promote export and attracted commercial agents from Iran, Turkistan, Afghanistan ,Turkey and Russia , so that the market even extended as far as Europe. . . . Read More

Saturday, March 7 2015

In 1914 there were nearly 5000 Trans-Indus Pathans in the Indian Army, of whom about half were Afridis. By June 1916 over 600 Afridis had deserted to Turks. In November 1915 all recruitment of Trans-Indus Pathans was stopped. Philip Mason well summed up the loyalty assessment of the Indian Army by saying that "A faint question mark hung over the Pathans throughput the war but the Punjabi Muslims were steady as a rock" . . . Read More

Sunday, March 1 2015

Ahmad Shah Durrani was attempting to form alliance of muslim Central Asian khanates and Kazaks in order to mount military campaign against the Qing expansion into Central Asia. The powerful Muslim ruler was upset at the murder of Muslim saints, the Kashghar Khojas . . . Read More

Saturday, February 28 2015

Afghans made a marked progress during Tughlaq period.Due to position as Sadah amirs, large number of Afghan zamindars emerged during the latter part of 14th century.Tthe Tughlaq rulers had to rely increasingly on Afghans for their armies. . . . Read More

Nehru in Waziristan, Khan Barmazid
Thursday, February 26 2015

The main purpose of Nehru's visit to NWFP was to boost the morale of the Congress and push their cause on the Frontier. This was against the advice of the governor , Sir Olaf Caroe, and the Viceroy. When Nehru arrived at Peshawer Airport, he was greeted by a large and hostile league demonstration. It was an ugly situation and he had to be taken out through a back door. Nehru then visited Tribal areas . . . Read More

Ghakkars and Afghans, Khan Barmazid
Thursday, February 26 2015

No Punjab tribe is more frequently mentioned in Indian history than the Ghakkars, who for many hundred years were the possessors of great power and a wide extent of the country. . . . Read More

Thursday, February 26 2015

Sher Shah Suri (also Sher Khan) realized the need of a strong army and in his fight against the Mughals he relied mostly on the Afghans whom he invited from different parts of the country. Sher Shah always kept 150,000 cavalry, and 25,000 footmen, either armed with match-locks or bows, present with him, and on some expeditions took even more with him. There were also 5,000 elephants in his elephant-sheds. . . . Read More

Thursday, February 26 2015

The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. . . . Read More

Amir Timur and Afghans, Khan Barmazid
Wednesday, February 25 2015

In the late 14th century, the Afghans were militarily strong enough to catch the attention of Amir Taimoor. The latter, in 1398 AD, invaded India. He asked the local Afghan to join his force. The contribution of Afghans in reduction of India was of material importance. . . . Read More

تواريخی مغالطې، ډاکټر چراغ حسېن شاه
24 اپرېل 2012

د پښتنو د مشرانو تاريخ ليکلو په وخت خو خاص خيال دا هم ساتل پکار دي، چه پښتانه يو بزرګ سمدم نوم خراب کړي۔ خواجه عبېد الله رح ته به خواجيدلا بابا وائي۔ او د بانډه داؤد شاه (کوهاټ) سره نزدې د سړک په غاړه ښخ د روحاني بابا رح يو نسې ته به ډنګرئ پير وائي۔ . . . نور

Monday, August 31 2009

It is an historical fact that the tribes living in mountainous area West of River Indus had preserved their independence against the forces of many invading forces/rulers. When the Sikh Empire collapsed and Punjab was annexed by British on 29 Jan 1849, the areas comprising the present North West Frontier Province, also came under their way. . . . Read More

Saturday, August 29 2009

The story of colonization is not a pretty one. To the Pathans living in the North-west Frontier Province of what is now Pakistan, and particularly in its Tribal Area, it has meant destroyed villages, water-tanks and grain stores and a never ending series of "butcher and bolt" raids: an almost total failure in communication between two systems. . . . Read More

German Activities in NWFP (1914-45), Dr. Syed Waqar Ali Shah
Monday, May 22 2006

The region designated by the British Colonial rulers as the North-West Frontier Province of India has always played a significant role in the making of Indian history owing to its crucial geopolitical location. Once a passage of invaders . . . Read More

Friday, May 6 2005

Summary of Article . . . Read More

Saturday, October 9 2004

Old Kandahar is a large, impressive ruin field near Afghanistan's modern second city, bearing the same name. For years the site has been central to many arguments about the most ancient geography and history of the region. It has been identified with an Alexandria/ Alexandropolis, referring to the conquest of Alexander the Great.For the Islamic period the excavations on behalf of the Society for Afghan Studies have revealed some striking new evidence, particularly for the period of the Arab Conquest during the later 7th and early 8th century. . . . Read More

Thursday, September 9 2004

The single most important event of the first Afghan War (1838-42) is the virtual destruction of the British Army in the wintry mountainous terrain between Kabul and Jalalabad in 1842. Only one man survived to write an account of this terrible ordeal, and all subsequent retellings are based upon this report. Yet the document itself remains unknown . . . Read More

Saturday, August 28 2004

Chitral, which today is part of the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan, was a separate state in 1895, owing allegiance to Kashmir and thus, although beyond the then border of British India, within the British sphere of influence. At the beginning of 1895, the Mehtar (ruler) of Chitral was assassinated by one of his brothers, who claimed the throne. . . . Read More

Thursday, May 27 2004

For more than 200 years, from the 18th to the 20th centuries, the British ruled India's millions with indigenous levies - Indian soldiers led by British officers and supported by British units. In 1857, a large portion of that army revolted, and smaller mutinies occurred throughout the years more often than the British liked to acknowledge. . . . Read More

The Rise and Rise of Pashto, Dr. Sher Zaman Taizai
Wednesday, November 12 2003

The first recorded manuscript of Pashto is Tazkaratul Awlia by Suleiman Mako, written in the year 1214. However, only 7 pages of the manuscript have survived and are documented by Allama Abdul Hai Habibi. Suleiman Mako is linked with the legendary father of Pashtuns; Qais Abdul Rashid by 5 generations as Mako, son of Panjpa, son of Abdali, son of Tarin, son of Sharakhbun, son of Qais. Poems are also attributed to Bet, son of Qais, however a manuscript of book from him cannot be verified. . . . Read More

Early Years of NWFP, J. M. Ewart
Tuesday, August 19 2003

There had existed for many years a school of thought which considered that the administration of the Frontier was too important a matter to form merely a portion of the duty and responsibility of the Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab. The experiences of 1897 brought the subject again to the fore and in 1901 . . . Read More

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